フランスの神経学者Charcotの映画(Augustine)がフランスで公開されていた!

フランスの神経学者Charcotの映画(Augustine)がフランスで公開されていた!

Lancet Neurology 2014年1月号の電子版を読んでいたら、千葉大学の桑原聡先生のこと(Satoshi Kuwabara: work hard, rock hard)と、Charcotとヒステリー患者との関わりについての映画のコメントがあった。

Film The neurologist in film: from Sacks to Charcot

Now, for the first time, a feature film – the Cesar-nominated Augustine – is devoted fully to neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot. If any neurologist seemed to have “run the world”, it must have been Charcot. He was widely consulted as the chair of the Clinique des Maladies du Systeme Nerveux at La Salpetriere in 19th century Paris. Charcot’s studies of female hysteria cemented his international fame. He was well known for his clinical demonstrations showing the effects of touching “hysterogenic zones” that would induce a hysterical attack. His treatment of young afflicted women (and also men) included hypnosis and, most memorably and shockingly, and shown in this movie, the “compresseur ovarien” (an abdominal vice with a knob that applied pressure to the ovary), both of which could abort the spells. In the film, Charcot is played by Vincent Lindon, but he has little of Charcot’s imposing austere stature, which has been called Napoleonic. The role would have

been perfect for Marlon Brando. Nonetheless, the film recreates the atmosphere at La Salpetriere and Charcot’s associates reasonably well. Desire-Magloire Bourneville has an insignificant cameo, but the film does not identify other famous neurologists of the time. Some aspects of neurological examination, the major discrepancies, and rapid changes in symptomatology are shown and generally correct. The manifestations of “la grande hysterie” are exhibited by Augustine, played smartly by Stephanie Sokolinski (Soko), and the audience gets quite a show, including the well-known “arc-en-cercle” position of a hysterical patient. Dark and shadowy cinematography creates a gothic and exotic effect that will cause some viewers to label Augustine as nothing more than a psycho-erotic thriller. The director’s goal might have been to show a chauvinistic doctor’s behaviour and sexual desire evoked by lusty women – and indeed, in the culminating scene, Charcot

fornicates with her in his office. Just because La Salpetriere was a public women’s hospital staffed entirely by male, often authoritarian, physicians (including Charcot), one should not conclude such a discreditable connection. A feature film rarely provides useful insights into the practices of a neurologist. Now it is suggested that one of the fathers of neurology was a victim of erotic transference. We deserve better.

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2098628/ Augustine (2012)

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/17/movies/augustine-by-alice-winocour-featuring-soko.html?_r=0

Movie Review Doctor and Patient: A Gothic Love Story ‘Augustine,’ by Alice Winocour, Featuring Soko

http://www.npr.org/2013/05/16/183644625/augustine-and-her-diagnosis-get-another-look ’Augustine’ And Her Diagnosis Get Another Look

http://homepage3.nifty.com/khf11063/other/metapsy.htm#meta3 深層心理学トーシローhttp://www.miguchi.net/archives/718神経学講義

https://archive.org/details/lecturesondiseas00char Lectures on the diseases of the nervous system (1881) 英訳(驚くべきことに、この教科書を音読してくれている!当然、英語であるが)http://www.answers.com/topic/jean-martin-charcot (Charcotについて)

http://blog.with2.net/link.php/36571 ブログランキングに登録しています。

marugametorao について

神経内科専門医 neurologist
カテゴリー: エンターテイメント, 神経内科医, 神経学, 趣味, 医学教育, 挑戦, 映画 パーマリンク

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